We would like to share with you our personal view, beliefs and approach about the research that is presented on these pages.
We both value the research of modern science and the many developments that have been discovered.
We also value the depth of wisdom and knowledge of traditional and classical five element acupuncture, which integrates the many aspects of body and mind.
We acknowledge the information gained from research, and we endevaour to use it where appropriate when meeting the needs of an individual who is suffering in health.
We hope later to share more information on the five elements of acupuncture.
This site was last updated on
17th October 2017
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Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided in this site is accurate. It is not the intention to mislead or misinform anyone.
This is when solid needles are inserted into muscles and surrounding supportive structural tissue, (myofascial tissue) to produce a local effect on the muscle. The needle activates a stretch receptor in the muscle, producing a reflex relaxation (lengthening). This eleviates symptoms locally but often also symptoms which maybe referred to other areas of a person.
In the East Asia countries there is a long history of practice based on the Chinese Classics where the approach relies on very careful palpation of what are called "Ah Shi" points, 'painful muscle points' which often correspond to both trigger points and/or motor points in the myofascial tissue. Some people describe this oriental style as tendinomuscular acupuncture and it requires precision needling with fine needles.
In many respects the field of treating ashi points has been developed further by Janet Travell MD who actually used hollow hypodermic needles and not solid acupuncture needles in treating muscle knots and observing relief of referred pain at the same time. She coined the term Dry Needling. She co-
Intramuscular Stimulation was created by Dr. Chan Gunn who was a physician at the Worker's Compensation Board of British Columbia in the 1970's. He became frustrated that the modalities he had available to treat (prior to IMS) the large number of mysteriously stubborn cases were ineffective. It is a very strong form of needling.
The modern biomedical actions of either DN or IMS are sometimes otherwise known as Trigger point acupuncture.
However these approaches are but one aspect of WMA which also include other aspects eg. Electroacupuncture.
There is some opinion that practitioners who practice dry needling should meet the same standards as licencsed acupuncturists in the USA but in the UK there is no statutory government regulation of acupuncture. Arthur Yin Fan, Jun Xu & Yong-
Reference for the above Definition.
'Introduction: Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are one of the main characteristics of musculoskeletal disorders. The main purpose of this study was to compare the long-
Material and Methods: A total of 34 subjects with upper trapezius MTrP participated in this study. Subjects were randomly assigned into two groups of DN (N = 17) and PT (N = 17). DN group was treated two sessions per week, and PT group was treated three sessions per week. Pain intensity, pressure pain threshold (PPT), cervical range of motion (CROM), and function of upper limbs were assessed every session.
Results: Significant decrease of pain (P = 0.002), increase of CROM (P = 0.002), PPT (P = 0.003), and functional improvement of upper limbs (P = 0.001) after treatment occurred in both groups. DN group revealed more improvement than the PT group (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Although both of PT and DN are effective treatments for MTrP, the DN seems to be more effective.'
Shima Hesari, Behrouz Attarbashi-
Therapeutic effects of dry needling in patients with upper trapezius myofascial trigger points
‘Conclusions The results of this study showed
that one session of Dry needling (DN) targeting active Myofascial trigger points appears to reduce hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system and irritability of the motor endplate. DN seems effective at
improving symptoms and deactivating active
MTrPs, although further research is needed.’
Dry Needling (DN)
Intramuscular Stimulation (IMS)